Not everyone knows that the word marble derives from the ancient Greek μάρμαρον (mármaron) or μάρμαρος (mármaros), which means “shining stone”.
The marble is formed through a metamorphic process from sedimentary rocks, such as limestone or dolomite, which causes a complete recrystallization of the calcium carbonate of which they are mainly composed, its color depends on the presence of mineral impurities (clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, flint nodules), existing in granules or in layers within the original sedimentary rock.
White marbles are the result of the metamorphosis of calcareous rocks without impurities.
Carrara marble (for the Romans marmor lunensis, “marble of Luni”), extracted from the quarries of the Apuan Alps in the territory of Carrara, is universally known as one of the finest marbles.
The stone quarries of the Apuan Alps were probably already used during the Iron Age by the Ligurians of Ameglia but the actual mining activity developed from Roman times and underwent the greatest development under Julius Caesar (48-44 BC ).
Later, with the growing diffusion of Christianity, marble was requested in large quantities for the construction, the covering and the decoration of religious buildings, for example the works of the Maestri comacini, Nicola and Giovanni Pisano, who used Carrara marble for their works distributed throughout central Italy.
Still today marble is used for the realization of refined building elements (architraves, capitals, columns, pillars, basements), of prestigious architectural components (claddings, frames, pilasters, flooring), of exclusive ornamental elements (portals, fountains, altars, stelae, funerary tombstones), of elegant decorative artifacts and statues.
All Venedretta Luxury items are made of Carrara marble.